Makamong – A rare fruit tree

In this post, I’m going to introduce you a fruit tree endemic to Southeast Asia. The makhamong, scientifically known as Afyelia xylocarpa is a tree growing wild in Thailand, Vietnam, Southern China, Laos and Myanmar. The tree grows in evergreen rainforests as well as dry Dipterocarpus-forests. The tree produces precious red and very hard timber, which is used for the creation of music instruments, carvings, high-quality furniture and houses. Due to the destruction of the forests of Southeast Asia and the demand of precious and expensive timber fully grown makhamong trees are rare today and the tree was put on the red list of endangered species by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). The tree grows in tropical climates between 100 and 650 degree and only survives, if the temperature never falls below 10 degree Celsius. The tree reaches a height of 15 – 25 meters and a trunk diameter of 90 cm. Under very beneficial circumstances the tree can even reach a height of 40 meter and a trunk diameter of 2 meters. The tree flowers between March and May and produces ripe woody legumes about six month later. The legumes are woody, long and flattened, have a length of 11 to 20 cm and a wide of 7 to 9 cm. The legumes contain two to five seed. The egg-shaped seeds as well as the barrel can be eaten and are used in traditional medicine. In the TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) the fruit is used to counter toothaches, as well as diseases of the eyes.

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